Chronicle of history: the location of Lake Geneva is the key to its history | Local News
For readers who may have wondered why Lake Geneva exists where it does, the answer is actually quite simple. Location is everything.
Lake Geneva is located on the north side of the Bay of Geneva in Lake Geneva as the area where it is located was a flat plain surrounded by relatively high hills on three sides. Its founders realized it was a great place.
They hired the Irish-born surveyor, Thomas McKaig, to lay out a village plateau on the site. Archaeological evidence suggests that the first whites who settled in the village of Geneva in 1837 were not the first humans to realize just how ideal the area was.
For centuries before the arrival of the Whites, Native Americans had recognized the value of the site. Their predecessors, the Mound Builders, had also recognized the value of the site and had built numerous mounds in the shape of turtles, lizards and other animals. Sadly, the whites who settled in the area destroyed the mounds overlooking the lake in what is now Library Park.
The Mound Builders built their mounds overlooking Geneva Bay on a site that was halfway down a trail that ran from the shore of Lake Michigan where Kenosha now stands to the Rock River on which stands today Janesville and Beloit. This trail crossed another heavily used transportation route, the Fox River, which, like the Rock River, was a major north-south route. Today, highways 50, 11, 14 and I-43 approach the route of this prehistoric trail.